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Climate and Disaster Resilience

 


SRD established the Network of Vietnamese Non-Governmental Organizations and Climate Change (VNGO-CC) in 2008 and has operated it since. SRD aims to mitigate the negative impact of global and local climate change to contribute to the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP) and National Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

SRD always aims to support capactity building in responding to climate change and reducing natural disaster risks for communities in project areas. Many communities, particularly vulnerable households, have benefited from solutions and models supported by SRD. These include the model of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA), natural ecology-based agriculture, livelihoods adapting to climate change, and community-based disaster risk reduction and prevention. 

 

Climate and mangrove protection combined with income generation for vulnerable communities – VM069

The project "Climate and mangrove protection combined with income generation for vulnerable communities" has been implemented since April 2021 in Mui Ca Mau National Park and Tam Giang Protection Forest Management Board (PFMB) with a total budget of 940,000EUR funded by Bread for the World and the contribution of the Provincial People's Committee (15%).

The general goal is to enhance biodiversity, to promote carbon sequestration, to enhance climate resilience and ensure livelihoods and social inclusion for vulnerable communities in the Mekong Delta.

The main results of this project shall be achieved through the following three objectives:

(i) Increase the carbon accumulation of protective mangroves through joint conservation efforts by government and local communities as a part of co-management approach;

(ii) Livelihoods of poor and vulnerable communities living in mangroves are enhanced without compromising environmental or climate protection;

(iii) Co-development approaches for both conservation and livelihood development in mangroves are replicated, integrated in national and provincial policies to enhance climate protection in ecosystems unique but vulnerable. 

1. Community-based Mangrove Carbon Monitoring

In 2021, SRD investigated the carbon reserves of mangrove forests in two project areas - Mui Ca Mau National Park and Tam Giang PFMB. The investigation was conducted on 100 standard study cells and 40 standard navigation cells for long-term monitoring. Baseline carbon reserves have been calculated to enable monitoring of future growth of carbon in forests. Local officials have been trained in techniques to monitor forest and carbon reserves. 

2. Accessed to mangrove co-management - a sustainable direction for the future of forest conservation and development

14 Village Forest Self-Management Groups (VFSMG) and 16 Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs) involving a total of 400 households in the two project areas were established and put into operation. Membership should expand in the coming time strengthening the organisation. The project will develop and implement activities related to forest protection, and diversification of livelihood under the forest canopy in order to attract active participation of local people in forest protection and to develop and improve livelihoods under forest canopy sustainably. 

3. Strengthened coordination of mangrove management in order to contribute to reducing forest degradation and greenhouse gas absorption

- 28 training courses on climate change, the role of mangroves, the implementation of forest monitoring, and community-based forest monitoring technology have been carried out with the participation of the local people;

- A further 05 meetings on the policy of forest land allocation and forestry law between forest owners and the community have bene organized.

Through these training courses, local people are now more aware of the effects and impacts of climate chnage on local life, economy, and society. Additionally, these training courses also assit local people in enhancing their understanding of the rold of mangrove forests, capacity, and initiative in mangrove protection management. Coordination between the authorities, forest owners, and the community in the sustainable management of mangroves and natural resources has been promoted through co-management regulations and benefit-sharing mechanisms from natural resources exploitation, thereby promoting the participation of the community in forest and ecological environment protection to develop appropriate livelihoods which ensure sustainable forest management. 

4. Biodiversity under the forest canopy: They key for response to climate change

14 training courses on sustainable aquaculture under the forest canopy were organized. 60 models of cockle (Anadara Granosa) farming were applied in two areas of Mui Ca Mau National Park and Tam Giang PFMB initially brought efficiency. For communities whose livelhoods depend on natural resources, protecting mangrove forests combined with aquaculture under the forest canpy would be the key to survival and sustainable response to climate change. The adoption of shrimp farming combined with cockle (Anadara Granosa), Mantis shrimp, Epinephelus, and Mycteroperca would contribute to perserving mangrove forests, generating incomes, stablizing livelihoods, and maintaining biodiversity protection and environmental sustainability. Moreover, sustainable aquaculture also enhances the cooperation and close links between people, communities, states, enterprises, and local and international organizations.

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